These seeds contain the genetic material for future generations. defined in the CBD as ‘genetic material of actual or potential value.’ They constitute a subset of ‘biological resources’ (essentially all biotic components of ecosystems with actual or potential use or value for humanity). Access to the genetic resources of the inhabitants of the high seas will be a topic of upcoming UN negotiations. Governing Agrobiodiversity: Plant Genetics and Developing Countries <>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]>>/Type/Page>> endobj <>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]>>/Type/Page>> Genetic resources are important to humans because they provide a pool of genetic diversity that has commercial value and promotes food security. Multiplex and homologous recombination–mediated genome editing in. pq119905937p this term is used to describe the situation where an entity may be ‘protected’ by such a complex array of interacting IP rights controlled by multiple holders that its use becomes almost impossible and the intended benefits of IP rights protection are not realized. The IAEA, in cooperation with the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), is launching this new Coordinated Research Project (CRP) with a time frame of five years to develop novel genetic resources, methodologies and tools for accelerated breeding for productivity improvement in VPCs (root and tuber crops) and HTCs (olive) by using mutation induction and associated … endobj 19 0 obj It is vital, particularly for developing countries, Postal 6-641, 06600 Mexico City, Mexico. to ensure that the policy framework regulating access and use of genetic resources endobj Send Cancel. It urges member countries to take measures to protect and promote farmers’ rights, including the right to protection of traditional knowledge related to PGRFAs and the right to participate in making national decisions on matters related to the conservation and sustainable use of PGRFAs. the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (ITPGRFA). This forum is intended for constructive dialog. a component of access and benefit sharing: before granting consent to provide a sample of genetic resources and associated information, the provider must first be informed about the intended use of the material and information by the recipient. The Plant Treaty's objectives are the conservation and sustainable use of PGRFAs and the fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising out of their use for sustainable agriculture and food security. endobj Second, delimiting the geographical origin of the plant genes has become a source of tension, between the notion of genes as a common entity, to which all humanity has common access, and the notion that developing countries (where most plant genetic resources of interest to corporations are located) have ownership over these indigenous species and their biological material. *FREE* shipping on eligible orders. the standard legal instrument for transferring PGRFAs under the multilateral system, an international instrument that establishes minimum standards for the protection of rights of different forms of intellectual property and connects such standards of protection to trade and the tools of trade enforcement. �p�ؼ�>yM�㣩+��d���*9��� This comes with an obligation to conserve biodiversity and to ‘…respect, preserve and maintain knowledge, innovations and practices of indigenous and local communities embodying traditional lifestyles relevant for the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity…’. Parlance Publisher 5.0/(Xyvision Postscript Formatter) 3.0 3 The role of plant breeding in adapting crops to climate changes that affect food production in developing countries is recognized as extremely important and urgent, alongside other agronomic, socio-economic and policy adaptation pathways. Shifting common spaces of plant genetic resources in the international regulation of property. Plants and intellectual property: an international appraisal.